Children’s Rights in National Human Rights Institutions: A Mapping Exercise
L. Stamm, A. Würth | GANHRI / UNICEF | 2018
"This study is the result of the common curiosity of the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI) and UNICEF to find out about National Human Rights Institutions’ work on children’s rights and how to support this work. A particular interest was how National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) can be supported to link their work on the 2030 Agenda with their work on children’s rights, so essential for the implementation of the Agenda 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)."
Main Results of the Mapping Exercise
- For almost 90 per cent of the respondent NHRIs, the major reason for working on children’s rights is the broad mandate of their NHRI, a sine qua non under the Paris Principles regulating NHRIs.
- 75 per cent of responding NHRIs work on children’s rights, based on the ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and its Optional Protocols by the respective state.
- The top five topics for NHRIs during the past two years were violence against children and education (each 77 per cent of the responding NHRIs), followed by child-related legislation (65 per cent) and rights of children in conflict with the law (52 per cent).
- In contrast, children’s rights and the SDGs is a relatively new topic which has developed traction only after 2016. The fact that 20 per cent of NHRIs have already worked on the SDGs as one of their top five priorities between 2015 and 2017 is promising, and leaves room for more engagement.
- Among the respondent NHRIs which have worked on the SDGs, almost two-thirds are from Africa and Asia, while in Europe and the Americas only 40 per cent of the respondent NHRIs had done any work on SDGs. NHRIs from the latter regions could thus learn from their peers in Africa and Asia, how to engage more with respect to the SDGs.
- A related finding is that very few NHRIs work on statistics in order to make sure that data is collected and analysed in a disaggregated fashion. Building capacity in this area will be decisive for further engagement of NHRIs in monitoring the implementation of the SDGs with a child rights perspective.
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